April 13, 2024

Deadly Consequences: New Research Reveals Dangers of Drinking Too Much Coffee With Severe High Blood Pressure

Consuming only one cup of coffee a day was not connected with an increased risk of death from heart disease at any high blood pressure level.
Green tea did not increase the risk of death at any high blood pressure level, according to a new study in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
According to research study released in the Journal of the American Heart Association, an open-access, peer-reviewed journal of the American Heart Association, consuming two or more cups of coffee daily might double the threat of death from heart disease for people with extreme high blood pressure (160/100 mm Hg or higher), however not for those with hypertension that is ruled out severe.
The research study found that the intake of one cup of coffee and everyday green tea did not increase the risk of death associated to heart disease at any blood pressure measurement, in spite of both beverages including caffeine. According to the FDA, an 8-ounce cup of black or green tea includes 30-50 milligrams of caffeine, and an 8-ounce cup of coffee has around 80 to 100 milligrams. In contrast to the findings for coffee, this recommends that the quantity of caffeine in green tea does not affect the threat of death related to cardiovascular disease.

Previous research study found that drinking one cup of coffee a day may assist heart attack survivors by reducing their risk of death after a heart attack and may avoid heart attacks or strokes in healthy individuals. In addition, separate studies have recommended drinking coffee regularly might reduce the risk of establishing chronic illnesses, such as Type 2 diabetes and some cancers; might assist to control appetite; might help to reduce the risk of anxiety or increase alertness, though it is not clear if this result is from the caffeine or something else in coffee. On the hazardous side, excessive coffee may raise high blood pressure and result in stress and anxiety, heart palpitations, and difficulty sleeping.
” Our research study aimed to figure out whether the recognized protective result of coffee likewise applies to people with different degrees of high blood pressure; and likewise analyzed the results of green tea in the very same population,” explained the studys senior author Hiroyasu Iso, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., director of the Institute for Global Health Policy Research, Bureau of International Health Cooperation, National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Tokyo, Japan, and teacher emeritus at Osaka University. “To the very best of our knowledge, this is the very first study to discover an association in between drinking 2 or more cups of coffee cardiovascular and everyday disease death among people with serious high blood pressure.”
High blood pressure, likewise called hypertension, occurs when the force of blood pressing versus the walls of blood vessels is regularly expensive, making the heart work harder to pump blood. It is determined in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). The current blood pressure guidelines from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology categorizes hypertension as a high blood pressure reading of 130/80 mm Hg or greater.
The blood pressure requirements for this research study are a little various from the ACC/AHA standards. Scientists classified high blood pressure into 5 categories: optimum and normal (less than 130/85 mm Hg); high normal (130-139/85 -89 mm Hg); grade 1 high blood pressure (140-159/90 -99 mm Hg); grade 2 (160-179/100 -109 mm Hg); and grade 3 (greater than 180/110 mm Hg). Blood pressure steps in grades 2 and 3 were considered extreme high blood pressure in this research study.
Research study participants included more than 6,570 men and more than 12,000 ladies, ages 40 to 79 years at the start of the research. They were selected from the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk– a large, potential research study established between 1988 and 1990 of adults residing in 45 Japanese neighborhoods. Individuals provided data through health assessments and self-administered questionnaires examining lifestyle, diet and medical history.
During nearly 19 years of follow-up (through 2009), 842 cardiovascular-related deaths were documented. The analysis of data for all individuals discovered:

The study discovered that the consumption of one cup of coffee and daily green tea did not increase the risk of death associated to cardiovascular illness at any blood pressure measurement, despite both beverages consisting of caffeine. On the harmful side, too much coffee may raise blood pressure and lead to stress and anxiety, heart palpitations, and difficulty sleeping.
High blood pressure, likewise known as high blood pressure, takes place when the force of blood pressing against the walls of blood vessels is consistently too high, making the heart work more difficult to pump blood. The existing blood pressure guidelines from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology classifies high blood pressure as a blood pressure reading of 130/80 mm Hg or greater.
Blood pressure measures in grades 2 and 3 were thought about extreme hypertension in this research study.

” These findings may support the assertion that individuals with serious high blood pressure should prevent drinking excessive coffee,” said Iso. “Because people with serious high blood pressure are more vulnerable to the effects of caffeine, caffeines damaging results may surpass its protective effects and may increase the danger of death.”
The study found that individuals with more frequent coffee intake were more most likely to be younger, present smokers, present drinkers, consume less vegetables, and have greater total cholesterol levels and lower systolic high blood pressure (leading number) regardless of the blood pressure category.
The advantages of green tea may be discussed by the presence of polyphenols, which are micronutrients with healthy antioxidant and anti-inflammatory homes found in plants. The researchers kept in mind that polyphenols may belong to the factor just coffee usage was connected with an increased risk of death in people with extreme hypertension despite both green tea and coffee containing caffeine.
The research study has numerous constraints: coffee and tea intake were self-reported; blood pressure was measured at a single point, which did not represent modifications over time; and the observational nature of the research study might not draw a direct cause-and-effect connection between coffee intake and cardiovascular disease danger among people with severe hypertension.
More research study is needed, researchers said, to get more information about the effects of coffee and green tea usage in people with high blood pressure and to confirm the results of coffee and green tea intake in other nations.
Reference: “Coffee and Green Tea Consumption and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Among People With and Without Hypertension” by Masayuki Teramoto, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Isao Muraki, Akiko Tamakoshi and Hiroyasu Iso, 21 December 2022, Journal of the American Heart Association.DOI: 10.1161/ JAHA.122.026477.
The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk study was funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan; the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Health and Labor Sciences, Japan; the National Cancer Center Research and Development Fund; and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

Drinking two or more cups of coffee a day was connected with two times the risk of cardiovascular disease death in people whose high blood pressure was 160/100 mm Hg or greater compared to those who did not drink any coffee.
Consuming one cup of coffee a day was not related to an increased threat of death from heart disease throughout any blood pressure classifications.
Green tea consumption was not connected with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease death across any high blood pressure classifications.