June 9, 2023

New Engine Design Could Muffle Roar of Fighter Jets – U.S. Navy To Test on F-18 Super Hornets

The interior of the nozzles features triangular fins like rows of shark teeth that significantly lowered jet engine noise in UC lab tests. UC developed a brand-new engine nozzle that smothers the noise from jet engines without hindering efficiency. UC College of Engineering and Applied Science doctoral student Mohammad Saleem holds one of the unique jet engine nozzles UC created in teacher Ephraim Gutmarks laboratory. UCs research holds promise to reduce the health and safety effect of jet noise on industrial and military aviation. Students can turn on jet engines from another location outside the chamber and utilize a suite of sensors to analyze the noise and measure from the exhaust plumes.

Identified professor Ephraim Gutmark, an Ohio Eminent Scholar, and his students in UCs College of Engineering and Applied Science created and evaluated the new nozzles on 1/28th-scale jet engines in his aeroacoustics lab.
The interior of the nozzles includes triangular fins like rows of shark teeth that significantly reduced jet engine noise in UC lab tests. The job is a partnership between UC, the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and Naval Air Station Patuxent River. This fall NAVAIR will evaluate the UC styles and performance on F-18 Super Hornets, the tactical fighter airplane utilized by the U.S. Marines and Navy.
Lasers light up the plume of a scale-model jet engine utilized aboard F-18 Super Hornets. UC developed a new engine nozzle that smothers the sound from jet engines without hindering efficiency. Credit: Andrew Higley/UC Creative + Brand
” Theyre easy attachments that change the behavior of the flow coming out of the engine with very little result on its efficiency,” Gutmark stated.
UCs laboratory tests showed the new nozzle might decrease engine sound by in between 5 and 8 decibels. That may not appear like much. But unlike direct scales like a ruler where an inch is constantly an inch, decibels are measured in a logarithmic scale in which 20 decibels is significantly louder sound.
” Thats extremely significant,” Gutmark stated. “Typically, engine business more than happy even getting a half-decibel improvement since decibels represent a logarithmic scale.”
UC College of Engineering and Applied Science doctoral student Mohammad Saleem holds among the novel jet engine nozzles UC designed in professor Ephraim Gutmarks laboratory. The U.S. Navy will test UCs design on F-18 Super Hornets this fall. Credit: Andrew Higley/UC Creative + Brand
UCs initial laboratory results hold guarantee for decreasing jet sound in both business and military air travel. UC and the Navy looked for a joint patent.
” If the design deals with this engine, it can be applied to any other engine with very small modification,” Gutmark said.
The project was moneyed under the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program by the U.S. Department of Defenses Environmental Research Program.
Hearing loss and ringing in the ears are the leading reasons for military impairment claims, impacting more than 2.6 million former service members, according to numbers from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. The VA invests more than $1 billion per year on hearing loss cases, which represent about 15% of new special needs claims submitted with the VA each year.
UCs research holds guarantee to reduce the health and security effect of jet sound on military and industrial air travel. Here a flight crew aboard the USS Ronald Reagan uses ear protection while helping to land and launch F/A -18 Super Hornets.
Jet noise in particular represents a major health risk in commercial and military aviation. According to the Naval Research Advisory Committee, Navy workers on flight decks are exposed to noise in excess of 150 decibels.
” On warship the crew that works with pilots on the flight deck requires to be really close to the aircraft when it takes off. Because of the brief runway on the carrier, they should operate the engine with afterburners, so its very loud,” Gutmark said.
Jets are so loud that the sound and vibrations can affect even the aircraft itself– a phenomenon called acoustic loading, Gutmark said.
” By suppressing the noise, you are assisting the team however likewise helping the durability of the aircraft itself,” Gutmark added.
” Its a thrill to know youre dealing with fighter aircrafts. Theres a cool element.”
— Mohammad Saleem, UC aerospace engineering trainee
UC has actually been working on the task with the Naval Research Lab and NAVAIR for 2 years. The Navy offers computational analysis and aircraft info to enhance UCs design and speculative work.
Gutmarks varied research study has actually consisted of engine combustion and propulsion innovation, acoustics and even biomedical research. He taught aerospace engineering principles to pilots in the U.S. Navys Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor program, the school that inspired the movie “Top Gun.”
” It was amazing to teach them due to the fact that they were actually interested,” Gutmark stated. “They truly would like to know more about what takes place when the airplane does this or that. And getting feedback from somebody who understands what the airplane is doing almost when theyre flying was an unique chance.”
UC doctoral students Mohammad Saleem and Aatresh Karnam work on scale models of F-18 Super Hornet jet engines in UCs aeroacoustics lab. Credit: Andrew Higley/UC Creative + Brand
When working with the jet engines in a below ground laboratory in Rhodes Hall, trainees in Gutmarks lab wear industrial-grade ear security. The engines are installed to the ground inside an anechoic chamber– a space created to completely take in reflections of acoustic waves. Students can turn on jet engines from another location outside the chamber and utilize a suite of sensing units to evaluate the sound and determine from the exhaust plumes.
” In our lab we have 4 different measurement strategies, consisting of signal processing through acoustics and optical measurements and laser equipment,” UC doctoral trainee Aatresh Karnam said. “Like any engineering field, you need to adjust numerous methods to know what information to capture, how to process it and how to analyze it. Thats a tough obstacle.”
A range of delicate microphones surrounds the jet in the chamber. Maybe not surprisingly, the sound sounds various depending upon ones relative position to the jet plume.
” Each one of these parts of sound is propagating in different instructions,” professor Gutmark stated. “The microphones are distributed in an arc around the jet so we can identify noise that is going downstream or upstream or sideways.”
UC aerospace engineering students utilize lasers and other equipment to observe and determine noise and the exhaust plume from a scale-model jet engine utilized in F-18 Super Hornets. Credit: Andrew Higley/UC Creative + Brand
UC engineers test their novel nozzle styles on both cold and heated jets with exhaust that burns as hot as 1,100 degrees Fahrenheit. The jet is a scale model of the F-18s F404 engine made by General Electric Aviation, headquartered in Cincinnati.
” The afterburner of a real jets exhaust will get even hotter,” Karnam said.
UC doctoral trainee Mohammad Saleem stated aircraft are quieter today than they were simply 20 years back. Both military and business air travel have a strong public and monetary interest in lowering noise. Even incremental enhancements can have an extensive impact, he stated.
” These noise reduction innovations are extremely helpful to the neighborhoods living around air bases and workers dealing with attack aircraft carrier,” Saleem said.
UC doctoral student Mohammad Saleem holds up several customized jet engine nozzles he assisted style in UC teacher Ephraim Gutmarks laboratory. Credit: Andrew Higley/UC Creative + Brand
Saleem said he has actually always had an interest in aerospace engineering. But he takes pleasure in the obstacle provided by such a complex project as jet engine sound.
” I chose UC because its a strong school in propulsion systems,” he stated.
He admits his buddies and family are satisfied when he talks about working with F-18 Super Hornets.
” Its an adventure to understand youre dealing with fighter planes. Theres a cool aspect,” Saleem stated.
” Engineering is about problem solving. The pleasure is coming up with a system that works. I think thats pleasing.”

Lab tests reveal pledge for reducing jet sound in military and business air travel.
Aerospace engineers at the University of Cincinnati and the Naval Research Lab have actually come up with a brand-new nozzle design for F-18 fighter planes they hope will moisten the deafening holler of the engines without hindering performance.