February 26, 2024

Hubble Space Telescope Celebrates Halloween With A Glowering Carbon Star

In-depth Hubble observations of CW Leonis taken control of the last twenty years also reveal the expansion of ring-like threads of ejected material around the star– CW Leoniss sloughed-off external layers.
This image integrates observations from 2011 and 2016 by among Hubbles workhorse instruments, the Wide Field Camera 3. CW Leonis is brightest in the red filters, R and I, and for that reason the simmering orange color pervading the center of the image well represents the genuine color of the star.
Notes

Lying roughly 400 light-years from Earth in the constellation Leo, CW Leonis is a carbon star– a luminescent type of red giant star with a carbon-rich environment. Lying approximately 400 light-years from Earth in the constellation Leo, CW LEonis is a carbon star– a luminescent type of red huge star with a carbon-rich environment. When small to intermediate-mass stars run out of hydrogen fuel in their cores, the outwards pressure that stabilizes the crush of gravity within their cores falls out of equilibrium, triggering the star to start collapsing. In the case of the carbon star CW Leonis, this process has actually surrounded the star with a dense pall of sooty dust.
As the closest carbon star to Earth, CW Leonis provides astronomers the possibility to comprehend the interaction between the star and its surrounding envelope.

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The Hubble Space Telescope is a task of worldwide cooperation between ESA and NASA.
These images were taken as part of the Hubble Observing Programmes # 12205 and # 14501.

The bright beams of light radiating outwards from CW Leonis are among the most intriguing parts of this image, as theyve changed in brightness within a 15 year period– an exceptionally brief span of time in astronomical terms. Astronomers hypothesize that spaces in the shroud of dust surrounding CW Leonis might allow these beams of starlight to pierce through and light up dust further from the star. Nevertheless, the specific reason for the remarkable modifications in their brightness is as yet unusual.

When little to intermediate-mass stars run out of hydrogen fuel in their cores, the outwards pressure that balances the crush of gravity within their cores falls out of balance, triggering the star to begin collapsing. As the core collapses, the shell of plasma surrounding the core ends up being hot enough to begin merging hydrogen, creating adequate heat to dramatically broaden the outer layers of the star and turn it into a bloated red giant. In the case of the carbon star CW Leonis, this procedure has surrounded the star with a dense pall of sooty dust.
This image reveals a broad field view of CW Leonis. Credit: ESA/Hubble, Digitized Sky Survey 2. Recognition: D. De Martin
Together With CW Leoniss smoky veil, the dynamic orange and green tints of this image make it a fitting celebration of Halloween. Hubble has recorded a ghoulish gallery of Halloween images for many years– from cosmic bats and ghostly faces to a sculpted pumpkin formed from binary stars. This years image looks like a single, baleful eye of cosmic percentages glaring out from within a cloud of smoke.
While these observations produce a striking image, they were originally made to answer pushing scientific questions about CW Leonis. As the closest carbon star to Earth, CW Leonis offers astronomers the opportunity to comprehend the interaction in between the star and its surrounding envelope. This is a particularly fascinating challenge study as the envelope of CW Leonis is relatively rough, with a complex inner structure that astronomers think might be sculpted by a nearby companion star.

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope celebrates Halloween this year with a striking observation of the carbon star CW Leonis, which resembles a baleful orange eye glaring from behind a shroud of smoke. Lying roughly 400 light-years from Earth in the constellation Leo, CW Leonis is a carbon star– a luminous type of red giant star with a carbon-rich environment.
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope celebrates Halloween this year with a striking observation of the carbon star CW Leonis, which resembles a baleful orange eye glaring from behind a shroud of smoke.
CW Leonis glowers from deep within a thick shroud of dust in this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. Lying approximately 400 light-years from Earth in the constellation Leo, CW LEonis is a carbon star– a luminescent type of red giant star with a carbon-rich atmosphere. The dense clouds of sooty gas and dust engulfing this dying star were produced as the outer layers of CW Leonis itself were thrown out into deep space.

Hydrogen-burning stars approximately 0.3– 8 times as massive as the Sun will ultimately end up being red giants, but stars that start outwith this mass variety will develop in a different way, the less huge ones never ever reaching the red huge phase and the more massive ones becoming exceptionally luminous supergiants.