May 18, 2024

Burst of New Geochemical Evidence for Viking Travels Exactly 1,000 Years Ago

October 7, 2021
Novel geochemical dating strategies show that Norse people remained in LAnse aux Meadows precisely 1,000 years back.
Since the 1960s, archaeologists have been collecting physical evidence that Norse individuals settled and landed for at least a few years in far northern Newfoundland, Canada, long prior to Columbus sailed to the Americas. At LAnse aux Meadows, the Vikings constructed real estate and workshops of lumber and sod, and left behind food, tools, and bits of building product that researchers have been analyzing. Precisely when were they there? The most recent response comes from the Sun and its electro-magnetic relationship to Earth.
Utilizing hints from literature and history– such as tales of Vinland from Norse sagas– and from radiocarbon dating of wood and bone fragments, scientists formerly estimated that the Vikings were frequent visitors or inhabitants at LAnse aux Meadows in between 970 and 1030 CE. Many scientists suggested they lived there 3 to 10 years, with one team declaring it might have been as long as one hundred years.

In a new research study published in October 2021, scientists found that the Vikings were in LAnse aux Meadows in 1021, exactly 1000 years ago. Led by scientists from the University of Groningen and Parks Canada, the team used geochemical dating strategies to analyze wood fragments and nail down the precise year the trees were cut down near the website.
Earth is routinely bombarded by radiation from area, primarily from the Sun, consisting of benign noticeable light and radio waves and less benign ultraviolet light and X rays. In some cases the Sun likewise launches violent bursts of radiation that can make carbon-14 and beryllium.
October 7, 2021
Such an outburst assisted Michael Dee, Margot Kuitems, and coworkers determine the date of Viking life in Newfoundland to 1021. Other researchers previously found proof of a severe area weather condition occasion in late 992 and early 993 CE; historic records from Germany, Korea, and Iceland described brilliant red auroras at middle latitudes that winter. (Auroras are normally provoked by solar storms.) The occasion created an increase in atmospheric carbon-14 on Earth, and such increases are taken in into the tissues of trees as they grow. By studying knotted wood pieces from LAnse aux Meadows, Dee and coworkers had the ability to spot the carbon-14 increase and then count tree rings in three separate samples. All 3 pieces of wood were cut from trees in 1021.
Whether the Vikings were in Newfoundland prior to or after 1021 is not specific, but the proof says they were there for at least that year, cutting trees and developing things. Today you can go to residues of their stay, in addition to leisures of a forge, church, and other structures, at LAnse aux Meadows National Historic Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the earliest recognized European settlement in the Americas, and it resembles comparable Norse settlements from that age discovered in Iceland and Greenland. Archaeologists are likewise investigating evidence that Native American people lived in or travelled through the LAnse aux Meadows area about 5,000 years ago prior to the Vikings.
The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 acquired these pictures of Newfoundlands Great North Peninsula on October 7, 2021. The rugged shoreline is lined with rocky cliffs and fjords, while the interior is abundant in ponds, bogs, and lakes. LAnse aux Meadows sits along the shore of Epaves Bay in the Strait of Belle Isle.
NASA Earth Observatory images by Lauren Dauphin, utilizing Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey.

At LAnse aux Meadows, the Vikings built housing and workshops of lumber and sod, and left behind food, tools, and bits of structure product that scientists have actually been examining. By studying knotted wood fragments from LAnse aux Meadows, Dee and associates were able to find the carbon-14 increase and then count tree rings in 3 different samples. Whether the Vikings were in Newfoundland before or after 1021 is not certain, but the proof says they were there for at least that year, cutting trees and building things. Archaeologists are likewise examining proof that Native American individuals lived in or passed through the LAnse aux Meadows area about 5,000 years ago before the Vikings.
LAnse aux Meadows sits along the coast of Epaves Bay in the Strait of Belle Isle.