Throughout the entire study period (January 2016 to March 2021), there were 522 ED sees for cannabis poisoning in children under 10. The average age of these children was 3 years, nine months.
While there were no deaths, 171 (32.7%) check outs required hospitalization and 19 gos to (3.6%) needed extensive care unit (ICU) admission. ED gos to for cannabis poisonings increased the most after commercial edibles were legislated, and more of these visits required hospitalization compared to the other 2 durations (39% compared to 25%).
Research study results:
Pre-legalization (January 2016-September 2018).
Legalization of edibles and other products (February 2020-March 2021).
Overall ED check outs: 317.
Average variety of ED sees per month: 22.6.
Boost in average regular monthly ED check outs compared to pre-legalization: 9 times.
Percentage of ED sees that were hospitalized: 39%.
Overall ED visits: 81.
Typical variety of ED sees each month: 2.5.
Percentage of ED gos to that were hospitalized: 25%.
They discovered that while ED check outs for pediatric poisonings of any kind decreased in Ontario throughout the pandemic, check outs for marijuana poisonings increased throughout this time. After business edibles became offered, nearly 10% of all ED sees for poisonings in children in Ontario were related to marijuana.
If your kid has actually unintentionally consumed marijuana, contact the Ontario Poison Control Centre at 1-800-268-9017. Marijuana poisoning in children, children, and youth is a medical emergency situation. Caregivers can avoid poisonings by keeping cannabis products in a locked container away from other food and beverages, and out of childrens reach.
Legalization of cannabis flower, seed, and oil (October 2018-January 2020).
Ontario saw nine times more emergency department (ED) check outs per month for marijuana poisonings in young kids under the age of 10 after Canada legalized leisure cannabis, according to a research study published in JAMA Network Open. While single medical facilities have reported on kid marijuana poisonings in the past, this is the very first study to look at an entire area.
” We saw more frequent and extreme ED visits due to marijuana poisoning in kids under 10 following the legalization of cannabis, and the legalization of edible cannabis items appears to be a crucial aspect,” said lead author Dr. Daniel Myran, a household physician, public health and preventive medicine professional, and postdoctoral fellow at The Ottawa Hospital and the University of Ottawa Department of Family Medicine.
The research study team looked at all ED visits in Ontario during 3 periods; pre-legalization, after flower-based marijuana items and oils were legislated in October 2018, and after industrial cannabis edibles (e.g. gummies and chocolates) and other items were legalized and appeared for sale in late January 2020.
Total ED check outs: 124.
Typical number of ED visits each month: 7.8.
Boost in average month-to-month ED gos to compared to pre-legalization: 3 times.
Percentage of ED gos to that were hospitalized: 24%.
The scientists kept in mind that marijuana legalization in Canada overlapped with the COVID-19 pandemic. They found that while ED gos to for pediatric poisonings of any kind reduced in Ontario during the pandemic, sees for marijuana poisonings increased during this time. After business edibles became offered, almost 10% of all ED sees for poisonings in children in Ontario were associated with marijuana.
” Canadas technique to legalization was meant to avoid boosts in kid marijuana poisonings through policies limiting the strength of cannabis edibles, needing child resistant product packaging and education for moms and dads and caregivers,” stated Dr. Myran. “Unfortunately, the rates we saw in our study suggest the method has not met that goal.”.
” As more places all over the world think about legalizing recreational marijuana, we require to find out how to better safeguard kids from marijuana poisoning,” said Dr. Myran. “More education is a start, however we might require to think about other procedures to lower marijuana edibles attract young kids, such as much stricter limits on what edibles can look and taste like after they are gotten rid of from their packaging.”.
Cannabis poisoning in babies, kids, and youth is a medical emergency. Caregivers can avoid poisonings by keeping cannabis products in a locked container away from other food and beverages, and out of kidss reach.
Recommendation: “Unintentional Pediatric Cannabis Exposures Following Legalization of Recreational Cannabis in Canada” by Daniel Myran, Nathan Cantor, Yaron Finkelstein, Michael Pugliese, Astrid Guttmann, Rebecca Jesseman and Peter Tanuseputro, 7 January 2022, JAMA Network Open.
Scientists at ICES, Bruyère Research Institute, the Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction and The Hospital For Sick Children (SickKids) likewise contributed to this study.
Financing: This study was funded by ICES and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
Information sources: ICES, Canadian Institute for Health Information, Ontario Ministry of Health.