Scientists use the app to test a child. Credit: University College London
The study compared the efficiency of the neoSCB app with traditional screening techniques. Of the 336 children tested by the app, 79 were seriously jaundiced newborns, and the app correctly recognized 74 of them. This remains in line with the accuracy of the most typical conventional screening approach, a non-invasive device known as a transcutaneous bilirubinometer, which correctly recognized 76.
The transcutaneous bilirubinometer works by determining the yellow pigment under the newborns skin to provide a procedure of jaundice levels. All screening results are then followed up by blood tests to figure out the kind of treatment required.
Dr. Terence Leung (UCL Medical Physics & & Biomedical Engineering) who established the innovation behind the app, said: “The study reveals that the neoSCB app is as great as business devices currently suggested to evaluate for severely jaundiced newborns, but the app only needs a smartphone which costs less than a tenth of the industrial device. We hope that when presented widely, our innovation can be used to save the lives of newborns in parts of the world that do not have access to expensive screening gadgets.”
Study lead Dr. Christabel Enweronu-Laryea (University of Ghana Medical School) stated: “The neoSCB technique was appropriate to moms in rural and city neighborhoods where the research study was performed. Mothers easily developed ways to keep the infants eye open, most often by starting breastfeeding.”
Jaundice, where the skin and whites of the eye turn yellow, is typical in babies and is normally safe. The yellowness is brought on by a compound called bilirubin, which in extreme cases can get in the brain, resulting in death or disabilities such as hearing loss, neurological conditions such as athetoid spastic paralysis, and developmental hold-ups.
Every year serious jaundice triggers about 114,000 newborn deaths and 178,000 cases of disability worldwide, regardless of it being a treatable condition. A lot of cases of neonatal jaundice occur in the first week after birth, and routine screening for early medical diagnosis in higher-income nations has decreased the risks of serious problems.
Newborns in low- and middle-income nations are normally at a greater risk of extreme jaundice, or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, due to the fact that of the lack of resources required for screening. An industrial transcutaneous bilirubinometer typically costs around ₤ 4,000 ($ 4900) per gadget, and blood tests require a large quantity of capability. Extra factors such as a greater occurrence of house births and early postnatal discharge can contribute to less babies going through screening.
Infants in sub-Saharan Africa are likewise at a higher threat because of a high prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) shortage, which is an inherited hereditary disorder connected with an increased danger of hemolysis– where red cell break down at a faster rate than they are made– and hyperbilirubinemia.
Senior author Dr. Judith Meek (UCLH) included: “This app has the possible to avoid death and disability worldwide in many various settings. It will reduce unnecessary hospital sees and potentially empower community health workers and moms and dads to take care of newborn infants safely.”
In total, 724 newborns aged in between 0 and 28 days were initially thought about for the study. The app was evaluated with frontline health care employees and the children mothers, who offered feedback on the functionality of the app.
Referral: “Validating a Sclera-Based Smartphone Application for Screening Jaundiced Newborns in Ghana” by Christabel Enweronu-Laryea, Terence Leung, Felix Outlaw, Nana Okai Brako, Genevieve Insaidoo, Nana Ayegua Hagan-Seneadza, Mary Ani-Amponsah, Miranda Nixon-Hill and Judith Meek, 1 July 2022, Pediatrics.DOI: 10.1542/ peds.2021-053600.
The study was moneyed by the Saving Lives at Birth consortium and the EPSRC UCL Centre for Doctoral Training in Intelligent Integrated Imaging in Healthcare
A smartphone app that spots extreme jaundice in newborn newborns by scanning their eyes may save lives in places without access to expensive screening tools.
The very first major clinical trial is a success for an app that spots jaundice in babies.
According to a study co-authored by researchers at UCL (University College London) and the University of Ghana, a smartphone app that finds serious jaundice in newborn infants by scanning their eyes may conserve lives in places without access to expensive screening tools.
Following an initial pilot trial on 37 babies at University College London Hospital (UCLH) in 2020, the neoSCB app, created by clinicians and engineers from UCL, was used to evaluate for jaundice in practically 300 newborns in Ghana.
The researchers evaluated practically 300 babies using the app for the large-scale research study, which was published in Pediatrics. The program analyzes images taken with a smartphone electronic camera to measure the yellowness of the white area of the eye (sclera), an indication of newborn jaundice. It is inaccurate to evaluate the yellowness of the eye simply by looking, but the neoSCB app might supply an early diagnosis of neonatal jaundice that needs to be dealt with.
The program examines pictures taken with a smartphone video camera to determine the yellowness of the white location of the eye (sclera), an indicator of newborn jaundice. Of the 336 babies tested by the app, 79 were badly jaundiced newborns, and the app correctly determined 74 of them. Newborns in low- and middle-income nations are normally at a greater danger of extreme jaundice, or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, since of the lack of resources needed for screening. Additional elements such as a higher frequency of home births and early postnatal discharge can contribute to less babies going through screening.
In total, 724 newborns aged in between 0 and 28 days were initially thought about for the research study.