February 26, 2024

Dark, Dusty Heart: Hubble Captures Swirls of Dust in the Flame Nebula

This Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the Flame Nebula, also known as NGC 2024. It is a large star-forming region in the constellation Orion that lies around 1,400 light-years from Earth. Credit: NASA, ESA, and N. Da Rio (University of Virginia); Processing: Gladys Kober (NASA/Catholic University of America).
The Flame Nebula, likewise called NGC 2024, is a big star-forming area in the constellation Orion that is located around 1,400 light-years from Earth. Its a portion of the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex, which likewise includes such well-known nebulae as the Horsehead Nebula and Orion Nebula.
In this image, the focus is on the dark, dirty heart of the nebula, where a star cluster lives, mainly concealed from view. Radiation from Alnitak ionizes the Flame Nebulas hydrogen gas.
Scientists have used Hubble to measure the mass of stars in the cluster as they search for brown dwarfs, a kind of dim things thats massive and too hot to be categorized as a world but also too little and cool to shine like a star.

In this image, the focus is on the dark, dirty heart of the nebula, where a star cluster lives, primarily hidden from view. The Orion molecular cloud complex (or, simply, the Orion complex) is a star-forming region with stellar ages varying up to 12 Myr. The complex consists of dark nebulae, emission nebulae, reflection nebulae, and H II regions.

The Flame Nebula, likewise called NGC 2024, belongs to the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex and is discovered near the Horsehead Nebula. Credit: NASA, ESA, and N. Da Rio (University of Virginia), ESO, DSS2, and D. De Martin; Processing: Gladys Kober (NASA/Catholic University of America).
The Orion molecular cloud complex (or, simply, the Orion complex) is a star-forming region with stellar ages varying up to 12 Myr. Two enormous molecular clouds are a part of it, dubbed Orion A and Orion B. The stars presently forming within the complex lie within these two clouds.
The Orion complex is among the most active regions of close-by stellar development visible in the night sky and is home to both protoplanetary discs and very young stars. Much of it shines brightly in infrared wavelengths due to the heat-intensive procedures included in excellent development. The complex contains dark nebulae, emission nebulae, reflection nebulae, and H II areas.